Steel is a material that used various applications even the product you used in your daily life either made with steel or used steel to make. Technology and Research has opened a wide range of steel to make more suitable to use. Because of steel, it is possible to build ship, skyscraper building, Heavy and Big Machines, Vehicles, Spacecraft, Rocket, Satellite and so many more.
What do you understand by the steel?
The first thing you should know that steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. It is composed with multiple chemical element and process to form the final product. Steel is contain less than 2% amount of carbon, 1% amount of manganese, and rest mix with small amount of silicon, phosphorus, nickel, chromium, sulphur, and oxygen. On the other side, as a matter of fact, steel is prime material for engineering and construction.
What are the processes that used to make steel?
Significantly, there are two main processes that used to make steel, one is Blast Furnace – Basic Oxygen Furnace Route and other one is Electric Arc Furnace Route. You might be not known but there is a key difference between the both processes. In the BF-BOF process, the prime material that used for making steel is iron ore, coal, and recycled steel, meanwhile, in EAF process, recycled steel and electricity is used to form new steel.
Why it is become prime material for construction?
Steel has several advantages which make it most suitable material in construction industry. Not only construction industry but also the other industry used steel as a prime material. Easy availability, durability, sustainability, cost efficiently, highly strength, recycles, eco-friendly, corrosion resistive, high strength to weight ratio, and advance technology made this material most suitable.
Because of steel, it is possible to construct skyscraper buildings. Even structure like Flyovers, Reservoir, Dams, Burj Khalifa, Shun Hing Square Tower, Brooklyn Bridge, Sydney Harbour Bridge, and Empire State Building is only possible to construct because of steel. When steel is mixed with concrete it increases the flexibility, hardness, toughness, durability of the concrete building which can even bear the natural disaster impact.
Even the machines that reduce the duration of the construction project are made of steel as well as reduce the cost of labor. Furthermore, people using steel to build their house.
How it is important?
There are several points which make the steel so important material in the construction which are given below:
A. Steel gives the much strength to a building so it can resist to the natural damages that caused by hurricane, tornedo, tsunami, and earth quake.
B. Steel is much resistivity related to fire and termites, hence it increase the fire resistivity of the building as well as.
C. Steel can recycles, so your old steel building is still worthy even after the damage.
D. It does not harm the environment but making of steel does.
E. Using steel as a construction material it will surely reduce the construction time.
F. Steel Bars and Rods gives the strength and flexibility to the building so more safe and secure.
These are true and most common key points which make the steel so important in construction industry.